Flu Vaccine Facts

Mercury is a neurotoxin and contained in some flu vaccines. It has been linked to neurodevelopmental disorders and many diseases. The World Mercury Project has pulled together these resources to help you make informed decisions about the flu vaccine in order to protect you and your family from harm.

 

 

World Mercury Project’s 2017-18 flu vaccine brochure gives you the answers you need. Please download and print it to share with your family, friends, doctors and community leaders. (Download the flu vaccine brochure in greyscale.)

 

 

Know The Facts

The following are World Mercury Project articles and video, chart showing Thimerosal in the flu vaccine supply, and peer-reviewed published references used in our 2017-2018 flu brochure:

Articles by World Mercury Project:

 

World Mercury Project Video

Flu Shots During Pregnancy: Cause for Concern:  Cathy Isaacs was pregnant with twins when against her better judgement her doctor convinced her to get a flu vaccine. Immediately after receiving the vaccine Cathy began miscarrying.  She lost her son. Her daughter was vaccine-injured and subsequently diagnosed with Autism. Watch Cathy tell her story.

 

Thimerosal in the Flu Vaccination Supply

For the 2017-18 Season:

Flu vaccine supply is produced by private manufacturers, so the supply depends on them. The vaccine manufacturers originally projected that as many as 151 million to 166 million doses of injectable flu vaccine (i.e., inactivated and recombinant flu vaccines.) Approximately 21- 36 million of those vaccines will contain thimerosal. ( CDC Vaccine Supply and Distribution)

TABLE 1. Influenza vaccines — United States, 2017–18 influenza season*
Trade nameManufacturerPresentationAge IndicationMercury (from thimerosal, µg/0.5 mL)
Inactivated influenza vaccines, quadrivalent (IIV4s), standard-dose†
Afluria QuadrivalentSeqirus0.5 mL prefilled syringe≥18 yearsNR
5.0 mL multidose vial≥18 years (by needle/syringe)24.5
18 through 64 years (by jet injector)
Fluarix QuadrivalentGlaxoSmithKline0.5 mL prefilled syringe≥3 yearsNR
FluLaval QuadrivalentID Biomedical Corp. of Quebec (distributed by GlaxoSmithKline)0.5 mL prefilled syringe≥6 monthsNR
5.0 mL multidose vial≥6 months<25
Fluzone QuadrivalentSanofi Pasteur0.25 mL prefilled syringe6 through 35 monthsNR
0.5 mL prefilled syringe≥3 yearsNR
0.5 mL single-dose vial≥3 yearsNR
5.0 mL multidose vial≥6 months25
Inactivated influenza vaccine, quadrivalent (ccIIV4), standard-dose,† cell culture-based
Flucelvax QuadrivalentSeqirus0.5 mL prefilled syringe≥4 yearsNR*
5.0 mL multidose vial≥4 years25
Inactivated influenza vaccine, quadrivalent (IIV4), standard-dose, intradermal¶
Fluzone Intradermal QuadrivalentSanofi Pasteur0.1 mL single-dose prefilled microinjection system18 through 64 yearsNR
Inactivated Influenza Vaccines, trivalent (IIV3s), standard-dose†
AfluriaSeqirus0.5 mL prefilled syringe≥5 yearsNR
5.0 mL multidose vial≥5 years (by needle/syringe)24.5
18 through 64 years (by jet injector)
FluvirinSeqirus0.5 mL prefilled syringe≥4 years≤1
5.0 mL multidose vial≥4 years25
Adjuvanted inactivated influenza vaccine, trivalent (aIIV3),† standard-dose
FluadSeqirus0.5 mL prefilled syringe≥65 yearsNR
Inactivated Influenza Vaccine, trivalent (IIV3), high-dose§§
Fluzone High-DoseSanofi Pasteur0.5 mL prefilled syringe≥65 yearsNR
Recombinant Influenza Vaccine, quadrivalent (RIV4)¶¶
Flublok QuadrivalentProtein Sciences0.5 mL prefilled syringe≥18 yearsNR
Recombinant Influenza Vaccine, trivalent (RIV3)¶¶
FlublokProtein Sciences0.5 mL single-dose vial≥18 yearsNR

*NR = not relevant (does not contain thimerosal).

 

Flu Brochure References for 2017-2018 Flu Brochure:

In 2004, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) estimated that one in every six women has mercury blood levels that could pose a risk to an unborn child.

NYT Report 2004:  http://www.nytimes.com/2004/02/10/science/epa-raises-estimate-of-babies-affected-by-mercury-exposure.html

Mahaffey et al., 2004. Supplemental Materials:  https://ehp.niehs.nih.gov/wp-content/uploads/117/1/ehp.11674.s001.pdf

Mercury rapidly crosses the placenta and accumulates in the fetus at higher levels than in the mother. Two studies in 2012 showed that a mother’s mercury exposure is linked to attention problems in her children.

Stern and Smith, 2003.   https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1241648/

Clarkson, 2002.  https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1241144/pdf/ehp110s-000011.pdf

Sagiv et al., 2012.  https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3991460/

Boucher et al., 2012.  https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3491943/

Scientific studies have documented that ethylmercury used in vaccines crosses into the infant brain and could impact critical stages of brain development.

Burbacher et al., 2005.  https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1280342/

It is inconsistent to recommend vaccines containing ethylmercury when also counseling pregnant women to avoid seafood high in methylmercury due to the known harmful effects mercury can have on the developing fetus.

FDA/EPA 2017 Advice:  https://www.epa.gov/fish-tech/2017-epa-fda-advice-about-eating-fish-and-shellfish

Thimerosal-containing flu vaccines contain 250 times the mercury level the EPA uses to classify hazardous waste. Unused thimerosal-containing flu vaccine should be returned to the manufacturer for appropriate disposal.

Wisconsin DNR 2014:  http://dnr.wi.gov/files/pdf/pubs/wa/wa841.pdf

Colorado DPHE 2010: https://www.colorado.gov/pacific/sites/default/files/HM_mw-waste-outdated-vaccine.pdf

Ohio EPA 2017: http://www.epa.ohio.gov/portals/32/pdf/PharmFAQNov2010rF.pdf

An Australian study found one in every 110 children under the age of 5 had convulsions following vaccination with the FLUVAX H1N1 vaccine in 2009.

Armstrong et al., 2011.  https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3191393/

Australian Department of Health Report: https://www.tga.gov.au/alert/seasonal-flu-vaccine-investigation-febrile-reactions-young-children-following-2010-seasonal-trivalent-influenza-vaccination

Additional research found a spike in cases of narcolepsy in children associated with the H1N1 vaccine.

Sarkanen et al., 2017.  https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28847694

Partinen et al., 2012.  https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3314680/

Montplaisir et al., 2014.  https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4180737/

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) warns pregnant women and young children not to eat fish containing high levels of methylmercury. Yet the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends pregnant women and infants get influenza vaccines, many of which contain ethylmercury from the preservative thimerosal. Receiving them may result in mercury exposures exceeding the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) recommended maximum levels.

FDA/EPA 2017 Advice: https://www.epa.gov/fish-tech/2017-epa-fda-advice-about-eating-fish-and-shellfish

CDC Recommendations: https://www.cdc.gov/flu/protect/whoshouldvax.htm

The research on fetal exposure to mercury from maternal flu shots has never been done.

For a 6-month-old infant, the calculation is as follows:  The average 50th percentile weight for a 6-month-old is 7.6kg, the maximum recommended daily exposure to methylmercury per the EPA is 0.1 mcg/kg/day (or .76155 mcg for this weight) and an infant flu shot may contain 12.5 mcg of mercury.  This yields an exposure 16 times the EPA limit from a single flu shot.

World Mercury Project is deeply concerned that the risks of getting mercury-containing seasonal influenza vaccines may outweigh the benefits for pregnant women, infants and children.  Mercury is known to be highly toxic to brain tissue and can impact critical stages of brain development.

Grandjean and Landrigan, 2014.  https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24556010

A 2017 CDC study links miscarriage to flu vaccines, particularly in the first trimester.  Pregnant women vaccinated in the 2010/2011 and 2011/2012 flu seasons had two times greater odds of having a miscarriage within 28 days of receiving the vaccine.  In women who had received the H1N1 vaccine in the previous flu season, the odds of having a miscarriage within 28 days were 7.7 times greater than in women who did not receive a flu shot during their pregnancy.

Donahue et al., 2017.  https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28917295

A study published in 2016 that looked at the safety of flu vaccines found a moderately elevated risk for major birth defects in infants born to women who had received a flu vaccine during the first trimester of pregnancy.  A study published in 2017 found an elevated risk of autism spectrum disorders in children whose mothers had a first trimester flu shot.

Chambers et al., 2016.  https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27449682

Zerbo et al., 2017.  https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamapediatrics/article-abstract/2587559

Flu vaccine administration is documented to cause an inflammatory response in pregnant women. Recent research found inflammation during pregnancy is associated with the development of autism spectrum disorders.

Christian et al., 2011.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0264410X11014459

Christian et al., 2010.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0889159109001676

Brown et al., 2014.  https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3633612/

Patterson, 2011.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1471491411000499

A large study in approximately 50,000 pregnant women over five flu seasons found no difference in the risk for developing influenza or similar illnesses between those who received the influenza vaccine during pregnancy and those who did not.

Black et al., 2004.  https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15311370

An independent 2014 review found no randomized controlled trials assessing vaccination in pregnant women.  It states, “The only evidence available comes from observational studies with modest methodological quality.  On this basis, vaccination shows very limited effects.”

Cochrane Report 2014 (page 2). http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/14651858.CD001269.pub5/pdf/

If you decide to vaccinate, insist on mercury-free influenza vaccines for yourself and your children and do not get a flu vaccine the same day as other vaccines.

Miller, 2016: http://vaccinesafetycommission.org/pdfs/04-2016-JPANDS-Miller-Vaccines.pdf 

All vaccines, with or without mercury, pose health risks.  However, the influenza vaccine is of great concern, as many brands contain high levels of mercury in their multi-dose vials.  Be sure to read package inserts for any vaccine prior to getting vaccinated.

Supreme Court Decision in Bruesewitz v. Wyeth:  https://www.supremecourt.gov/opinions/10pdf/09-152.pdf

According to flu vaccine package inserts, “Safety and effectiveness has not been established in pregnant women or nursing mothers and should only be given to a pregnant woman if clearly needed.”

FDA Link to Approved Vaccine Package Inserts: https://www.fda.gov/biologicsbloodvaccines/vaccines/approvedproducts/ucm093833.htm

A study that compared children who received flu vaccine to those who did not found the same rate of influenza in both groups following vaccination.  It also found that the group of children who received the flu vaccine had a 4.4 times higher rate of non-influenza respiratory tract infections.

Cowling et al., 2012.  https://academic.oup.com/cid/article/54/12/1778/455098/Increased-Risk-of-Noninfluenza-Respiratory-Virus

A review in the medical journal The Lancet found a lack of health benefits from influenza vaccine in children under two along with significantly increased rates of vaccine-related adverse events.

Jefferson et al., 2005.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0140673605179847

Simple techniques such as avoiding those with flu-like illnesses, eating a healthy diet and good hand washing can prevent many cases of flu.  If you do contract influenza, optimizing vitamin D levels, fluid intake and rest can boost immune function.

CDC Recommendations:  https://www.cdc.gov/flu/protect/habits.htm

Vitamin D and Influenza: http://ajcn.nutrition.org/content/91/5/1255.full.pdf+html

https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/epidemiology-and-infection/article/epidemic-influenza-and-vitamin-d/C4D90C6E7CB127E6DF7A52D3A9EE2974

Consider the evidence regarding the effectiveness of the flu vaccine in actually preventing influenza.  For information, visit www.summaries.cochrane.org

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